Thursday, August 27, 2020
Short Answers on Merchants of Cool - Coursework Example 3) Ã¢â¬Å"Marketers need to discover an approach to Seem RealÃ¢â¬ implies that the advertisers need to give a feeling that they are Ã¢â¬ËrealÃ¢â¬â¢ by leading lives that the high schooler age can relate to. They need to receive perspectives that to young people see as Ã¢â¬ËcoolÃ¢â¬â¢. 5) To counter the falling appraisals in 1990s, MTV embraced ethnography study. In this examination, MTV concentrated on learning the adolescents by visiting their homes and gathering individual data. They did this by posing them individual inquiries and experience their things, for example, their music collections. The specialists additionally engaged in the teensÃ¢â¬â¢ lives by going with them to social places, for example, to dance club. These exercises were recorded as they happened afterward, they were meant video cuts that were introduced to MTVÃ¢â¬â¢s the executives. Midsection is the character slanted to high school young ladies. It is exceptionally sexualized, advanced and populates network shows, for example, Cruel Intentions. An adolescent and ill-mannered carried on character then again marks the Ã¢â¬Å"mookÃ¢â¬ . The Mook is a sexist, unrefined, and very irate juvenile. 7) The framework intended to interest the Ã¢â¬Å"MOOKÃ¢â¬ keeps the teensÃ¢â¬â¢ under unremitting observation. This enables the scientists to decide the things that trigger the teensÃ¢â¬â¢ feelings and activities subsequently comprehend them better and 9) To defeat the obstruction, advertisers need to grasp the test and market the items despite their insufficiencies. For example, on account of Insane Clown Posse, MTV advertised their music constantly despite the fact that the class of music they made spoke to savagery, obscenity and sexism. Today, the band has become a major name in the music business. 10) Marketers have gone excessively far in their endeavors to offer to the young. Each advertiser has their form of what ought to be seen as cool. This readymade variant of Ã¢â¬ËcoolÃ¢â¬â¢ has removed the teensÃ¢â¬â¢ capacity to concentrate on their
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Fun and Murder in Lord of the Flies Master of the Flies is an account of hardships, demise and eventually, endurance. The island on which the young men are on introduced numerous troubles. In this circumstance, there was no an ideal opportunity for no particular reason and games, work was significantly more significant. The gathering comprised totally of pre-pubescent little youngsters and what devastated their vote based ways was the appeal of having a fabulous time, swimming, feasts and other agreeable exercises. On the off chance that the parting of the gatherings, i.e when Ralph and Jack headed out in their own direction, the slaughter would have been forestalled. In any case, when the choice came to be made, the guarantee of ..having a fabulous time.. from Jack was a lot for a large portion of the young men, and that choice they made transformed them into the homicidal savages who killed two blameless young men. In the start, when the young men initially met and amassed at the stage, the conch was the image of intensity. The individual holding the conch consistently had the consideration of everybody. There was a pioneer, Ralph, who was chosen by the youngsters. How about we have a vote. Yes! Decision in favor of boss! How about we vote - This spoke to popular government, an administration chose for by the entire populace and they lived in an awkward and lenient society. There were rules which were to be obeyed by all. No one was absolved from them, they were concurred on by all. A fire was lit, to pull in the consideration of any passing boats or planes, hovels were sorted out to be assembled. There were numerous designs for the young men however these weren't satisfied because of the sluggishness and ineptitude of the little kids, the littl'uns. Cabins weren't manufactured cutoff times weren't kept. In principle, it resembled disorder. This is the point at which the gatherings were beginning to shape, the individuals who delighted in living like savages, for instance Roger, and the individuals who preferred the possibility of administration, having a pioneer and adhering to his directions like Piggy. This, as I would like to think, is a little scope likeness of this present reality. In the event that there was no law implementation, or in Lord of the Flies, grown-ups, individuals would be much the same as that. Society would crumple into disorder. The kids, in spite of the fact that they arenÃ¢â¬â¢t develop, they act precisely as grown-ups would in a situation where they occupied. Childish, covetous continually needing more for themselves and not thinking about others.
X-Ray Technician Workloads - Research Paper Example As the report worries there is expanding acknowledgment that for x-beam professionals to be equipped for ideal execution that they need post-graduate preparing as an expert. In any case, expanded investigation at college isn't generally a practical choice for the x-beam administrator, because of monetary, individual or social variables. Additionally, it is significant that the medicinal services gave by practioners address the issues of the network, and in that capacity, most x-beam specialists wind up waiting be multi-taskers as practioners. This paper plans to give methodological bits of knowledge in to examination of the working conditions for x-beam staff. In a perfect world, this examination will add to nearby, state and national norms with respect to x-beam specialist remaining burdens and preparing. Likewise, this paper plans to add to the information on the job of the x-beam professional and the work environment factors that sway on their presentation. Until this point in time, there is a glaring disregard into the investigation of the x-beam expert workforce. Dependable information is hard to accumulate because of the various settings of workplace, x-beam professional, and patient explicit needs. A review will quantify understanding fulfillment and x-beam professional remaining burdens at a clinic in the UK. It is guessed that on the times of high remaining tasks at hand that the patients will report higher evaluations of disappointment. It is likewise expected that x-beam professionals that are masters will get higher evaluations from patients with conditions which they have practical experience in, when contrasted with those not inside their claim to fame preparing. A Review of the Literature Until now, almost no writing exists on the subject of x-beam specialist working conditions. General data is promptly accessible, for example, the recurrence of instructive fulfillments or quantities of licenses affirmed (Patterson et al., 2004). Investigation into this subject is basic, particularly as x-beam professional administrations are probably not going to be conveyed by network needs. It is a constraint in the comprehension of network human services needs when satisfactory information about the states of the workforce of x-beam specialists across time and area stays obscure. Further,
Friday, August 21, 2020
Infant jaundice Newborn jaundice is a condition set apart by elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood. The expanded bilirubin causes the babies skin and whites of the eyes (sclera) to look yellow. Causes Bilirubin is a yellow color that is made in the body during the ordinary reusing of old red platelets. The liver assists break with bringing down bilirubin so it tends to be expelled from the body in the stool. Prior to birth, the placenta the organ that sustains the creating child expels the bilirubin from the newborn child with the goal that it tends to be prepared by the moms liver. Following birth, the babys own liver starts to assume control over the activity, however this can require significant investment. In this way, bilirubin levels in a baby are regularly a little higher after birth. Significant levels of bilirubin in the body can make the skin look yellow. This is called jaundice. Jaundice is available somewhat in many babies, and is called physiological jaundice. We will compose a custom article test on Neonatal Jaundice or then again any comparable subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page It normally shows up between day 2 and 3, tops between days 2 and 4, and clears by about fourteen days. Physiological jaundice as a rule causes no issues. Different sorts of jaundice that generally cause no damage include: Bosom milk jaundice is most likely brought about by factors in the bosom milk that moderate the rate at which the liver separates bilirubin. Such jaundice shows up in some solid, breastfed babies after day 7 of life, and generally tops during weeks 2 and 3. It might last at low levels for a month or more. Breastfeeding jaundice is seen in breastfed babies in the primary seven day stretch of life, particularly in babies who are not nursing regularly enough. Breastfeeding jaundice is not quite the same as bosom milk jaundice. Infants who are brought into the world too soon (untimely) are bound to create jaundice than full-term babies. Conditions that expansion the quantity of red platelets that should be separated, and can cause progressively serious infant jaundice: Abnormal platelet shapes Blood type crisscross between the mother and the infant Bleeding underneath the scalp (cephalohematoma) brought about by a troublesome conveyance Higher degrees of red platelets, which is increasingly regular in little for-gestational-age children and a few twins Infection Lack (inadequacy) of certain significant proteins Conditions that make it harder for the babys body to evacuate bilirubin may likewise prompt increasingly extreme jaundice: Certain meds Intrinsic contaminations, for example, rubella, syphilis, and others Diseases that influence the liver or biliary tract, for example, cystic fibrosis or hepatitis Hypoxia Infections, (for example, sepsis) Many diverse hereditary or acquired issue Symptoms The primary side effect is a yellow shade of the skin. The yellow shading is best observed just after tenderly squeezing a finger onto the skin. The shading some of the time starts on the face and afterward descends to the chest, tummy region, legs, and bottoms of the feet. Once in a while, newborn children with noteworthy jaundice have extraordinary tiredness and poor taking care of. Tests and Tests Doctors, medical caretakers, and relatives will look for indications of jaundice at the emergency clinic, and after the infant returns home. Any newborn child who seems embittered ought to have bilirubin levels estimated immediately. This should be possible with a blood test. Numerous emergency clinics check all out bilirubin levels on all infants at around 24 hours old enough. Medical clinics use tests that can gauge the bilirubin level just by contacting the skin. High readings should be affirmed with blood tests. Tests that will probably be done include: Complete blood check Coombs test Reticulocyte tally Further testing might be required for babies who need treatment or whose complete bilirubin levels are rising more rapidly than anticipated. Treatment is typically not required. While deciding treatment, the specialist must consider: The babys bilirubin level How quick the level has been rising Whether the infant was brought into the world early (pampers brought into the world early are bound to be treated at lower bilirubin levels) How old the infant is presently Your youngster will require treatment if the bilirubin level is excessively high or is rising too rapidly. Keep the child very much hydrated with bosom milk or recipe. Visit feedings (up to 12 times each day) energize visit solid discharges, which help evacuate bilirubin through the stools. Ask your primary care physician before giving your infant additional equation. A few infants should be treated before they leave the clinic. Others may need to return to the emergency clinic when they are a couple of days old. Treatment in the medical clinic as a rule keeps going 1 to 2 days. Now and then uncommon blue lights are utilized on newborn children whose levels are exceptionally high. This is called phototherapy. These lights work by assisting with separating bilirubin in the skin. The newborn child is put under counterfeit light in a warm, encased bed to keep up consistent temperature. The infant will wear just a diaper and uncommon eye shades to ensure the eyes. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that breastfeeding be proceeded through phototherapy, if conceivable. Once in a while, the infant may have an intravenous (IV) line to convey liquids. In the event that the bilirubin level isn't excessively high or isn't rising rapidly, you can do phototherapy at home with a fiberoptic cover, which has little splendid lights in it. You may likewise utilize a bed that sparkles light up from the sleeping cushion. You should keep the light treatment on your childs skin and feed your youngster each 2 to 3 hours (10 to 12 times each day). A medical attendant will go to your home to show you how to utilize the cover or bed, and to keep an eye on your kid. The medical caretaker will return day by day to check your childs weight, feedings, skin, and bilirubin levels. You will be solicited to tally the number from wet and filthy diapers. In the most extreme instances of jaundice, a trade transfusion is required. In this methodology, the babys blood is supplanted with new blood. Treating seriously embittered babies with intravenous immunoglobulin may likewise be successful at decreasing bilirubin levels. Viewpoint (Prognosis) Usually infant jaundice isn't unsafe. For most children, jaundice generally improves without treatment inside 1 to about fourteen days. Exceptionally significant levels of bilirubin can harm the mind. This is called kernicterus. Be that as it may, the condition is quite often analyzed before levels become sufficiently high to cause this harm. For babies who need treatment, the treatment is normally successful. Potential Complications Rare, however genuine, difficulties from high bilirubin levels include: Cerebral paralysis Deafness Kernicterus mind harm from exceptionally high bilirubin levels When to Contact a Medical Professional All children ought to be seen by a social insurance supplier in the initial 5 days of life to check for jaundice. The individuals who go through under 24 hours in a clinic ought to be seen by age 72 hours. Newborn children sent home somewhere in the range of 24 and 48 hours ought to be seen again by age 96 hours. Newborn children sent home somewhere in the range of 48 and 72 hours ought to be seen again by age 120 hours. Jaundice is a crisis if the infant has a fever, has gotten sluggish, or isn't taking care of well. Jaundice might be perilous in high-hazard infants. Jaundice is commonly NOT perilous in term, in any case sound infants. Call the babies medicinal services supplier if: Jaundice is extreme (the skin is brilliant yellow) Jaundice keeps on expanding after the infant visit, endures longer than about fourteen days, or different side effects build up The feet, particularly the bottoms, are yellow Counteraction In babies, some level of jaundice is ordinary and presumably not preventable. The danger of huge jaundice can regularly be decreased by taking care of children at any rate 8 to 12 times each day for the initial a few days and via cautiously recognizing newborn children at most elevated hazard. Every single pregnant lady ought to be tried for blood classification and uncommon antibodies. In the event that the mother is Rh negative, follow-up testing on the newborn children string is suggested. This may likewise be done if the moms blood classification is O+, however it isn't required if cautious observing happens. Cautious observing of all children during the initial 5 days of life can forestall most inconveniences of jaundice. In a perfect world, this incorporates: Considering a babys hazard for jaundice Checking bilirubin level in the primary day or so Scheduling in any event one follow-up visit the principal seven day stretch of life for babies sent home from the emergency clinic in 72 hours Alternative Names Jaundice of the infant; Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia; Bili lights jaundice References American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The board of hyperbilirubinemia in the baby at least 35 weeks of growth.
Google Author Rank What You Need To Know Make Money Online Queries? Struggling To Get Traffic To Your Blog? Sign Up On (HBB) Forum Now!Google Author Rank: What You Need To KnowUpdated On 23/04/2017Author : tanmaytechethonTopic : GoogleShort URL : http://bit.ly/2ozenQs CONNECT WITH HBB ON SOCIAL MEDIA Follow @HellBoundBlogGoogle from time to time comes up with these various rigorous and extensive techniques with an aim to improve search engine results, discourage plagiarism and regulate the ranking of content in the searches. Various algorithms have been used by Google in the form of Page Rank (PR), Google Panda, Google Penguin, etc. so as to ensure the quality of search engine results is up to the mark. Some of these updates have given quite a lot of web masters a tough time, Penguin update being one of them. But all these updates are basically developed by Google just to provide excellent search engine results, in terms of quality to the users. Yet another step taken by Google in this endeavour is grading a website by Go ogle Author Rank.Google Author Rank also comes into the picture with a basic aim to judge the site and decide the authority of the site. Now, this wonât be easy. As in case of other algorithms this one too consists of huge and complicated calculations, taking into account numerous factors.Now let us one by one deal with the most probable doubts that must have just crossed your mindHas Google Author Rank already started its work?This is difficult to determine. As of now theres no such news of it coming up in full fledged form. Though the possibility of it being instrumental currently cannot be totally denied. Many experts are of opinion that already Google has begun implementing algorithms for determining the Google Author Rank and if not so it is sure to happen in the near future. So webmasters, it is advisable to start working for obtaining a good Google Author Rank.What factors will determine my Google Author Rank?As mentioned before this is not going to be easy. Lot of factors along with stringent and rigorous algorithms applied to these factors are going to determine the faith of your Google Author Rank. PR of the website is the foremost factor in determining the Google Author Rank. Getting a good PR is a task in itself, so this criteria is definitely going to keep webmasters on their toes. Google+ will also be responsible in determining the Google Author Rank.READGoogle Instant - Save 2-5 Seconds Per SearchThe number of shares of your article will be taken into consideration while calculating your Google Author Rank. Your Google+ circles will also be taken into consideration. The comments to the post not only quantitatively but also qualitatively will also affect the Google Author Rank. Quality of comments meaning that the comments should be pertaining to the post and not just random spams. Your social media status also plays an important role. Social Media includes Facebook, Twitter, Digg etc. The number of followers, likes will all be included in the algorithms of Google Author Rank. Last but not the least you will be required to maintain relation in terms of backlinks etc with high ranked websites.Already making strategies?Let us help you out! Firstly get all set for hard work! You must have already concluded that social media is going to play a important role in the algorithm of Google Author Rank. So our first advice would be join all the social media websites! Build a strong base of followers, make fan pages, get people to like them. Dont just post articles on your website share them on social media websites and popularize them. Ensure that your posts are largely shared. Give special attention to Google+. Connect with high ranked websites. Guest posting and commenting to build a strong backlink network will help. Increase connection with reputed bloggers on social media sites.Google Author rank is therefore going to be a huge deciding factor in the success of your blog. Now with this hopefully you must have got a clear idea about Google Author Rank. With the tips that we have armed you withyou can definitely ensure to get yourself a good Google Author Rank. So, now no looking back.IMAGE CREDIT: SEOMOZ.ORGThis article is written by Tanmay Sawant. He blogs at Techethon. He writes about Android,iOS and covers the latest Tech News. If you wish to write for HBB, kindly check this.
Thursday, July 2, 2020
Forbidden Love A Comparison of The Merchants Prologue and Tale and The Duchess of Malfi - Literature Essay Samples
Despite the varying contexts with which they wrote their work, as well as the vastly different tone and content, both Chaucer in Ã¢â¬ËThe Merchants TaleÃ¢â¬â¢ and Webster through Ã¢â¬ËThe Duchess of MalfiÃ¢â¬â¢ explore the theme of forbidden love- or forbidden lust- and its attractions and implications. Whilst ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s humorous fabliau of adultery and grotesque miss-matches certainly contrasts with the twisted tale of status and gender imbalance in WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s tragedy, both writers appear to indicate in their respective texts the contradicting forces of the negative consequences of forbidden relationships, as well as their intense magnetism. Chaucer, through the relationship between May and Damyan, explores the concept that a romanceÃ¢â¬â¢s main attraction could be its forbidden nature. DamyanÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËloveÃ¢â¬â¢ for May is most often described in the pain he experiences by not being with her, such as his Ã¢â¬Ëlangwissheth for loveÃ¢â¬â¢ and the attraction. Whilst MayÃ¢â¬â¢s character seems to be predominantly motivated by lust- at the first opportunity she gets her and Damyan Ã¢â¬Å"had dressed/ in swich manere it may nat been expressedÃ¢â¬ , implying that their romance is driven by sexual impulse rather than romantic love. ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry being a fabliaux, the characters are not fully realized and serve rather stock characters to serve the story, and by the point of DamyanÃ¢â¬â¢s love letter to May she had not been given any dialogue. This further implies that their attraction for each other does not extend beyond lust. Furthermore, the concept of MayÃ¢â¬â¢s sole interest in Damyan being his status as forbidden and unattainable is stressed by their sexual engagement in the tree- EveÃ¢â¬â¢s had the choice of all the fruit in the garden of Eden but sought out the fruit of the tree of knowledge because of its forbidden nature. Similarly, in the Duchess of Malfi the DuchessÃ¢â¬â¢ love for Antonio originally appears to have been inspired by the containment of her sexual feelings by her brothers, the Cardinal and Ferdinand. The juxtaposition of the scene in which her brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s declare her Ã¢â¬Å"lusty widowÃ¢â¬ and implore that she let Ã¢â¬Å"not youth, high promotion, eloquenceÃ¢â¬ ¦sway your high bloodÃ¢â¬ , immediately followed by her claim that she will Ã¢â¬Å"wink and choose a husbandÃ¢â¬ seem to imply that her initial attraction to Antonio emerges not because of his personal merits or qualities, but rather her magnetism to the forbidden. Her choice of Antonio for a partner only solidifies this argument. Marrying any man would anger her brother Ferdinand, who rallies against the idea of the Duchess remarrying despite the ideas of the time- a widow, who had far more power and authority than an unmarried woman, was encouraged to get married as soon as possibly as she was seen as a threat to the patriarchal order. However, her marriage to a man far below her status presents a more conventional forbidden romance than just her brothers telling her not to. Social mobility was a much-feared concept, and the DuchessÃ¢â¬â¢ disregard for social norms, represented by her telling Antonio to Ã¢â¬Å"raise yourself/Ã¢â¬ ¦ (her) hand to help youÃ¢â¬ , could signify a specific attraction that she cites in Antonio- his forbidden nature as someone below her in status. That said, Webster portrays the DuchessÃ¢â¬â¢ love for Antonio as a far less amoral romance than that of May and DamyanÃ¢â¬â¢s in the Merchants tale. Despite the DuchessÃ¢â¬â¢ arguably stronger moral compass than the Cardinal and her sounder mental state than Ferdinand, she naturally stands as inferior to her brothers because of the patriarchal ideals of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Her decision to marry Antonio is forbidden only because the will of the Duchess is suppressed by her brothers, and her marriage to Antonio in part seems to justify their romance as holy and moral, the Duchess asking Ã¢â¬Å"what can the Church force more?Ã¢â¬ . The presence of Cariola makes the marriage between the Duchess and Antonio legally and morally bound in the religious context of WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s time, and the DuchessÃ¢â¬â¢ defiance of what her brothers deem forbidden, rather than what the Church does, arguably puts the Duchess on the moral high ground and makes her seem a mor e sympathetic character. This is a direct contrast to the forbidden nature of the romance between May and Damyan, in which the two directly violate the sanctity of the marriage bond by committing infidelity. Rather than exploring DamyanÃ¢â¬â¢s moral turmoil over pursuing a married woman, or engaging sympathy for May through her marriage to the old and lusty January, Chaucer presents both of the two as morally weak. This is highlighted by May and DamyanÃ¢â¬â¢s copulation taking place in Ã¢â¬Å"a treeÃ¢â¬ ¦ charged was with fruitÃ¢â¬ , a play on the image of the original sin beginning at the tree of knowledge, in the garden of Eden. ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s comparison of May to Eve in this way is fairly unforgiving, and her increasing calculation, motioning Damyan to climb the tree as she says to January that Ã¢â¬Å"(she) is no wencheÃ¢â¬ contributes to the idea that her pursuit of the forbidden Damyan is immoral and calculated. Although both the Duchess and MayÃ¢â¬â¢s pursuit of forbidden tastes results, initially, in satisfaction (emotionally or sexually), in some ways both Chaucer and Webster present manifestation of forbidden tastes as disturbing, rather than Ã¢â¬ËsweetÃ¢â¬â¢. FerdinandÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with his sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual actions is increasingly disconcerting throughout the play, and the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s view of his character is heavily influenced by his craving of the forbidden. Whilst the Cardinal certainly shows distaste at the idea of the Duchess having sex (to his knowledge) outside marriage in Act II scene 5, he remains relatively impersonal and merely shows aversion to the idea of the Duchess Ã¢â¬Ësleeping beneath herÃ¢â¬â¢, expressing contemptuously Ã¢â¬Å"shall our bloodÃ¢â¬ ¦ be thus attained?Ã¢â¬ . In contrast, Ferdinand shows extreme, unfiltered rage at the idea, fuming Ã¢â¬Å"I (will) hew her to piecesÃ¢â¬ , and his anger at the man who impregnated his sister i mplies a jealousy that is very disturbing in a brother. His references to the DuchessÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"milkÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"bloodÃ¢â¬ show an unsavory obsession with her body and his generally unpleasant behavior could be WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s way of conveying to the audience that that which is forbidden and immoral should not be ventured into. Similarly, Chaucer presents JanuaryÃ¢â¬â¢s legal, but arguably transgressive, marriage to May as unsavory and grotesque. Although JanuaryÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage to May is not unethical in a religious sense- he ironically goes the extra mile to make sure that he is married before having sex with May so that he may have Ã¢â¬Å"leveful procreaciounÃ¢â¬ - and the context of the time rendered it not an uncommon situation for a far older man to marry a young woman, Chaucer nevertheless creates the image of JanuaryÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with May as repulsive, if not humorous for the audience. ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s description of January as having a beard Ã¢â¬Å"lyk to the skin of a houndfishÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"the slake skin aboute his nekke shakethÃ¢â¬ is repellent, and juxtaposing his eagerness to have sex with May sitting Ã¢â¬Å"as stille as stoonÃ¢â¬ almost creates the idea that January had violated her, and that age gap between them makes his lust for her morally, if not religiously an d legally, forbidden and illicit. Furthermore, Webster and Chaucer further explore the idea that the exploration of the forbidden is destructive and only ends in failure by the consequences of those who sought it. FerdinandÃ¢â¬â¢s mental health is visible throughout the play, with his threatening his sister with his Ã¢â¬Å"fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s poniardÃ¢â¬ after little aggravation, but his instability becomes unignorable once he learns that his sister was pregnant, his ravings leading the Cardinal to ask Ã¢â¬Å"Are you stark mad?Ã¢â¬ . The audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s disgust for Ferdinand peaks at the death of the Duchess, a demand of Ferdinand that was influenced by the merging of hate, religious expectation and his sexually repressed feelings toward her, and the harm that the forbidden sexual feelings he had towards her are amplified in his almost immediate regret, stating Ã¢â¬Å"cover her face. Mine eyes dazzle. She died youngÃ¢â¬ . Once the jealously and lust he once likely felt towards her is largely dispelled through her death, his judgement appears less clouded, and through this Webster implicitly challenges the notion that forbidden tastes are Ã¢â¬Ëthe sweetestÃ¢â¬â¢; rather suggesting that they are the most deceptive and destructive, and perhaps outlining the consequences for not following the contemporary moral guidelines. ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of the pursuit of the forbidden is similar to WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s when it comes to the culmination of the relationship between May and January, in that JanuaryÃ¢â¬â¢s amoral indulgence in Ã¢â¬Ëforbidden tastesÃ¢â¬â¢ only ends in his own failure and cuckoldry. Whilst The MerchantÃ¢â¬â¢s TaleÃ¢â¬â¢s ending of deceit and a potential pregnancy is told lightly by the Merchant- in comparison to WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s response of killing both Ferdinand and the Duchess- the conclusion of the story would no doubt be disturbing to both the MerchantÃ¢â¬â¢s and ChaucerÃ¢â¬â¢s male audience. In the context of the late 14th century, and continuing for many centuries after, being a cuckold was one of the greatest shames a man could bare in society- it implied that he could not control his wife, a member of the fairer sex, and that he was not satisfactory at sexually satisfying her. Although JanuaryÃ¢â¬â¢s blindness (both physically and mentally) to MayÃ¢â¬â¢s inf idelity make him seem foolish and it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be difficult for men of the time to distance themselves from him, his Ã¢â¬Å"palays hoom he hith (May) ladÃ¢â¬ implies that many men may think they are in charge, and are Ã¢â¬Ëleading the womanÃ¢â¬â¢ so to speak, when in fact that may be just what the women wants them to believe. MayÃ¢â¬â¢s main motivation for her infidelity seems to be that she Ã¢â¬Å"preyseth nat his pleying worth a beneÃ¢â¬ , something which we can only assume is due at least partly to his old age. In presenting JanuaryÃ¢â¬â¢s cuckoldry as penance for his seeking of the Ã¢â¬Ëmorally forbiddenÃ¢â¬â¢ May, Chaucer is effectively presenting the pursuit of forbidden tastes as not worth the harm they cause, in the same way as Webster presents FerdinandÃ¢â¬â¢s lust of his sister as his undoing. In conclusion, both Webster and Chaucer present the manifestation of multiple forbidden or immoral relationships, but the difference between the former and the latterÃ¢â¬â¢s take on them is significant. Almost all the romantic relationships explored in the Duchess of Malfi are in some way taboo or controversial, and they almost all end up in tragedy. Although by both a 17th century and a modern audience the Duchess may be looked at as reckless and Ã¢â¬Å"ambitiousÃ¢â¬ , her willingness to challenge the men who have constrained her is admirable and most would agree she died a moral woman. In contrast, the character of May, also challenging societyÃ¢â¬â¢s expectation of a chaste women (although arguably in not as commendably a way) is looked at with scorn by the audience, may not get to heaven and she will live her life in immorality, but she will likely relish in it- she has Januarys money and will get sexual satisfaction from Damyan. From this we can conclude that perhaps forbi dden fruits are the sweetest, but that if one is to indulge in them, they must be prepared to deal with the possibly sour aftertaste.
Monday, May 25, 2020
The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) was ratified in 1996. It is a multilateral agreement which was made to address desertification. Desertification is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, generally known as Ã¢â¬ËdrylandsÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ . Many African states believed their sustainable development was being obstructed due to issues such as poverty, and food insecurity and were not being given necessary attention by the international political community . The need for an international convention was based on the argument that although the effects of desertification are often felt locally, it could not be ignored that globally contributed changes such as climate change and changes in soil andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The goals are quantifiable; however, the degree to which they produce measurability is still weak. Land desertification could be analyzed against other factors such as geology, and human action . In addition the use of GIC and various soil indicators and food production can be used to quantify the improvement of desertification. The use of GDP as well as the Human Development Index can be used to measure the improvements of poverty and education. Identification and Description of Challenges One of the greatest difficulties that arises when dealing with an environmental issue such as desertification on an international scale is the fact that its affects are not geographically universal. For instance, regions of Africa and Asia are highly susceptible to land degradation and its affects are often only apparent at the local level. As such, during early debates concerning desertification there was much reluctance coming from developed countries to recognize it as a global concern. Many developed countries, especially within Europe, argued that land degradation was a local problem that results from the Ã¢â¬Å"cumulative